Travertine is a edimentary rock that began as limestone.  The porous nature of limestone makes it a reservoir for liquids.  Heated by the Earth's inner core, the water rises as steam or hot mud baths, such geysers.  This hot liquid dissolves the limestone and rises to the Earth's surface forming mud beds.  After enough time passes, the med bed cools and crystallizes to form a solid stone called travertine.

The characteristic small holes or cavitoes fpimd om travertome are a result of the cooling process.  Sometimes those holes are filled before the product is hones or polished.  Fill material is generally material dust from the cutting process and mixed with a hardner.  Unfilled Travertine is quite beautiful and unique.  

Travertine is harder than limestone, but softer than marble or granite.


          Honed:  Smooth, non-reflective finish (matte)

               Polished:  Non-chemical finish that reflects light and gives appearance of depth

               Tumbled:  Rounded edges and corners for a rustic look

               Brushed:  Steel brushes are used to create a textured look

               Chiseled:  Edges are mechanically chipped to create an aged appearance.



Once the grout has properly cured, it is recommended to seal the stone with a high quality penetrating sealer.  Generally stone sealers are designed to penetrate the stone leaving a non-sheen, natural look and provide protection from liquids that would otherwise absorb into and possibly stain the stone.  Various maintenance products are available to enhance and highlight the character and beauty of the stone while sealing at the same time.


Do not clean any natural stone with an acidic cleaner, including vinegar, or anything with a lemon or lime on the label.  These products will damage the stone.  It is always recommended to use a cleaner specifically designed for natural stone.

© Betsy Shelton 2013